International experience of promoting regional economic integration
In recent years, my country has introduced a series of planning and policies to promote regional coordinated development, and continuously improve the regional coordinated development system mechanism, providing strong support for promoting high quality development.
Regional economic coordination and development include regional division of labor that achieves regional comparative advantages, forming regional economic integration of interconnection, and building new mechanisms such as regional economic operations. Among them, regional economic integration of interoperability is an important part.
Regional economic integration is an inevitable requirement to promote regional coordination development, which can bring higher levels of economic benefits to regional division of labor, provide hardware conditions such as integrated transportation networks, and unified markets such as cross-regional free trade and interaction. .
The development regional economies of all countries in the world have experienced the integration of traffic from traffic to interconnection, from the market to the market unified integration process. In-depth observation of different countries in promoting regional economic integration, there must be some reference.
(1) Looking at the development of various countries around the world, regional development imbalance is a common phenomenon, and the land space is an unmovable production factor, and there is also different levels of transportation hardware conditions and trade policy software conditions. These are all restrictions. Service, as well as the reasonable flow and effective configuration of production 上海哪里有桑拿按摩会所 factors such as manpower, funds, technology, and movable natural resources, which affect the improvement of overall layout efficiency of regional economy. In order to promote regional economic integration, effectively solve the imbalance of regional economy development, better meet the objective requirements of regional economic division of labor, and all countries in the world have conducted long-term exploration according to their respective national conditions, geographical environmental conditions and historical development background. Practice, gradually forming a regional economic integration path and policy system that meets its own development conditions. Specifically, the United States promotes regional economic integration has nearly a hundred years of time, in addition to implementing strategies such as "Western 上海莞式水磨裸台 Development", and has also built a national transport integrated system, including national canal and river transportation systems, famous railway traffic The transportation system, the world’s earliest intersection system and the world’s most advanced air transport system, and formulated a series of related policies to ensure free flow of products, services and production factors.
Germany pays attention to regional balanced development, which mainly rely on the development of regional balanced development, to promote regional economic integration, such as the construction of financial equilibrium mechanisms that are based on attributive division and tax system. The main line of UK regional policies and integrated development is to promote the economic development and employment growth in the development of the 上海水磨休闲中心 regional industrial layout, and realize the balance of regional industrial layouts in the economic development of employment equilibrium. Japan attaches great importance to the construction of infrastructure such as traffic, and the powerful transportation network extends to all parts of Japan.
South Korea pays attention to the role of urban agglomeration in regional economic integration. According to the idea of ??non-unbalanced development, it is based on urban agglomeration, and it is planned to achieve region integration equilibrium targets through several rounds of unbalanced and balanced development cycles.
(2) Different countries have different policies in promoting regional economic integration, but some common practices in these countries are worthy of attention. First, pay attention to the role of regional planning to promote regional economic integration.
Regional economic integration involves coordination of all aspects of interest and relationships, requires powerful intervention and support, and countries have formulated relevant plans that meet their own development status and conditions.
The planning content mainly includes: identify the ultimate goal of regional economic integration development; relying on all kinds of central cities, urban circles, urban groups and urban packets, building technology increasingly advanced interconnection traffic communication system; formulate inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-inter-zoom Rules, standards, and channels for the reasonable flow of the elements; the coordinated development policies conducive to the development of regional economic integration, according to the differences in resource environment, location endowments, and historical processes developed according to regional development, and the regional economy and ecological environment can continue Relevant policies for development; constructing operational institutional mechanisms that are conducive to regional economic integration; Second, construct a relatively complete regional development laws and regulations system. All countries have developed many regional economic integration bills, regulations, regulations, regulations, including major institutional arrangements, major engineering and measures, and the planning of major institutional arrangements, major projects and measures, and major inter-area interests. Arrange and adjust the program. Third, give full play to market mechanisms and guiding the government.
Regional economic integration is the inherent requirement and inevitable trend of market economy, due to the standards, technology and pricing habits of products and services, and the production conditions of economic activities, social welfare, ecological environment, relevant regulations and cultural customs There is a big difference, so there is a need to have a higher level of government to coordinate and boot to effectively achieve regional economic integration.
Therefore, on the one hand, these countries respect the market mechanism, allowing the market to promote regional economic integration, and give full play to the government’s promotion and security role.
Fourth, attach great importance to infrastructure and public service construction. Interoperability infrastructure and balanced public service systems are an important hardware and software environment of regional economic integration, but also an important starting from regional economic integration. In the infrastructure of building interoperability, countries are mainly in terms of transportation, communication, electricity, water conservancy and ecological environmental protection; in the public service system constructed, mainly promote education, medical, cultural integration, and employment Training, investment promotion, research and development promotion, technical talent, policy intermediary and other service systems.
Fifth, pay attention to the development of poverty alleviation and backward areas. During the promotion of regional economic integration, different countries have designed the corresponding system to eliminate the phenomenon of expansion of regional residential income gap.
(3) International experience to promote regional economic integration is much revelation.
First, provide institutional protection. It is necessary to develop a clear regional economic integration development plan, establish and improve relevant legal systems and legal mechanisms, and continuously improve cross-regional governance models. Especially in improving cross-regional governance models, there must be permitted coordination agencies, clear cooperation content, stable funding support, and encourage all kinds of enterprises in the region to actively establish cooperative relations. The second is to give full play to the role of the market to promote regional economic integration. Further clean up and eliminate various regulations and systems that hinder regional unified markets and fair competition, oppose local protection, monopoly and unfair competition, reduce institutional transaction costs, improve business environment, and improve the overall level and efficiency of regional development.
The third is to advance the process of transportation infrastructure and public service integration. In terms of transportation infrastructure construction, the interconnection of national levels is to be achieved, providing hardware support for building space market integration. It is necessary to speed up the modern rail transportation system integrating high-speed railway, universal railway, intercity railway, municipal (suburban) railway, urban rail transit.
In terms of public service integration, the focus is to build public transportation, energy, communication and other social undertakings, build public systems such as social employment, income distribution, welfare guarantee, and promote public services. shared.
The fourth is to actively build a central city and urban group. The spatial structure of my country’s economic development is underguting, and the central city and urban agglomeration are becoming the main spatial form of carrying development elements. Adapt to the new situation, increase the number of central cities in the prefecture level, enhance the economic and population carrying capacity of the economic development of the central city and urban agglomeration, and cultivate more regional growth.
At the same time, based on the cultivation and improvement of the conditions and requirements of regional comprehensive competitiveness, forming a division of labor collaboration, walking reasonable division of labor, optimizing the development of the road. (The author is the development of the State Council Development Strategy and the deputy inspector and researcher of the Regional Economic Research Department).